Analog ADUCxx Series MCU Reverse Engineering List:ADUC836BSZ ADUC836BS ADUC836BCP ADUC836_02 ADUC836 ADUC834BSZ ADUC834BS ADUC834BCP ADUC834_02 ADUC834 ADUC832BS ADUC832BCP ADUC832 ADUC831BS ADUC831BCP ADUC831 ADUC824BSZ ADUC824BS ADUC824 ADUC816BS ADUC816 ADUC814BRUZ ADUC814BRU-REEL7 ADUC814BRU-REEL ADUC814BRU ADUC814ARUZ ADUC814ARU-REEL7 ADUC814ARU-REEL ADUC814ARU ADUC814_02 ADUC814 ADUC812BSZ-REEL ADUC812BSZ ADUC812BS ADUC812_03 ADUC845BS8-5 ADUC845BS8-3 ADUC845BS62-5 ADUC845BS62-3 ADUC845 ADUC843 ADUC842BS62-5 ADUC842 ADUC841BS62-3 ADUC841 ADUCRF101 ADUC848BS8-5 ADUC848BS8-3 ADUC848BS62-3 ADUC848BS32-5 ADUC848BS32-3 ADUC848BCP8-5 ADUC848BCP8-3 ADUC848BCP62-5 ADUC848BCP62-3 ADUC848 ADUC847BS8-5 ADUC847BS8-3 ADUC847BS62-5 ADUC847BS62-3 ADUC847BS32-5 ADUC847BS32-3 ADUC847BCP8-5 ADUC847BCP8-3 ADUC847BCP62-5 ADUC847BCP62-3 ADUC847 ADUC846BS62-5 ADUC846BS62-3 ADUC846BCP8-5 ADUC846BCP8-3 ADUC846BCP62-5 ADUC846BCP62-3 ADUC846BCP32-5 ADUC846BCP32-3 ADUC846 ADUC845BS8-5 ADUC845BS8-3 ADUC845BS62-5 ADUC845BS62-3 ADUC845BCP8-5 ADUC845BCP8-3 ADUC845BCP62-5 ADUC845BCP62-3 ADUC845 ADUC844BS62-5 ADUC844BS62-3 ADUC844BCP8-5 ADUC844BCP8-3 ADUC844BCP62-5 ADUC844BCP62-3 ADUC844BCP32-5 ADUC844BCP32-3 ADUC844 ADUC843BS62-5 ADUC843BS62-3 ADUC843BCP8-5 ADUC843BCP8-3 ...
Actel RTAX-S/SL Series:RTAX250S/SL RTAX1000S/SL RTAX2000S/SL RTAX4000S RTAX-SUSeries MCU crack: RTSX32SU RTSX72SU ...
Actel RTAX Series:RTAX2000D RTAX4000D RT3PE600L RT3PE3000L RTSX32SU RTSX72SU RTAX250S/SL RTAX1000S/SL RTAX2000S/SL RTAX4000S RTAX2000D ...
Actel RT Series:RT1020 RT1280A RT1425A RT1460A RT14100A ...
Actel Axcelerator Series:AX125 AX250 AX500 AX1000 AX2000 ...
Actel ProASIC plus series MCU hack:APA075 APA150 APA300 APA450 APA600 APA750 APA1000 ...
Actel SX-A and EX Series:A54SX08A A54SX16A A54SX32A A54SX72A eX64 eX128 256 ...
Actel MX Series and SX series:A54SX08 A54SX16 A54SX16P A54SX32 A40MX02 A40MX04 A42MX09 A42MX16 A42MX24 A42MX36 ...
Actel ACT series:A1415A A14V15A A1425A A14V25A A1440A A14V40A A1460A A14V60A A14100A A14V100A A1225A A1240A A1280A A1010B A10V10B A1020B A1020B ...
Actel 1200XL Series:A1225XL A1225XLV A1240XL A1240XLV A1280XL A1280XLV ...
Actel 3200DX Series:A3265DX A3265DXV A32100DX A32100DXV A32140DX A32140DXV A32200DX ...
About Actel:Atmel Corporation is an American manufacturing company since 1984. The company focuses on embedded system-level solutions built around flash microcontrollers. Its products include microcontrollers (8-bit AVR, 32-bit AVR, ARM-based, automotive grade, and 8051 derivatives,) radio frequency (RF) devices including Wi-fi, EEPROM, and flash memory devices, symmetric and asymmetric security chips, touch sensors and controllers, and a number of application-specific products.
The Company supplies its devices as standard products, ASICs, or ASSPs depending on customer's requirements. Atmel serves a wide range of applications including consumer, computer networking, communications, automotive, industrial, aerospace and military.
Actor's portfolio of FPGAs is based on two types of technologies: antifuse-based FPGAs (accelerator, SXA, EX, and MX family) and flash-based FPGAs (Fusion, Polafire, IGLO and ProASIC3 family).
Actel Corporation became known for for its high-reliability and antifuse-based FPGAs, used in the military and aerospace markets. Actel acquired GateField which expanded Actel's antifuse FPGA offering to include flash-based FPGAs in 2000.
Actel introduced a new technology known as Fusion to bring FPGA programmability to mixed-signal solutions. Fusion was the first technology to integrate mixed-signal analog capabilities with flash memory and FPGA fabric in a monolithic device. In 2006, to address the tight power budgets of the portable market, Actel introduced the IGLOO FPGA. The IGLOO family of FPGAs was based on Actel's nonvolatile flash technology and the ProASIC 3 FPGA architecture.
Company’s portfolio of FPGA is based on two types of technologies first is antifuse-based FPGAs and another is flash-based FPGAs.
The Actel Fusion Programmable System Chip (PSC) is the world's first mixed-signal FPGA, integrating configurable analog, large Flash memory blocks, comprehensive clock generation and management circuitry, and high performance programmable logic in a monolithic device. The innovative Actel Fusion architecture can be used with Actel soft ARM7 (CoreMP7) and 8051 (Core8051) cores and is the definitive Programmable System Chip platform.
SmartFusion is a family of microcontrollers with an integrated FPGA of Actel. The device includes an ARM Cortex-M3 hard processor core (with up to 512kB of flash and 64kB of RAM) and analog peripherals such as a multi-channel ADC and DACs in addition to their flash-based FPGA fabric.
SmartFusion2 System-on-Chip FPGA Features
- Highest reliability, most secure, lowest power FPGA
- Up to 150K LEs with 5Mbit SRAM and 4.5Mbit NVM
- 166 MHz ARM Cortex-M3 microprocessor with Instruction Cache
- 5Gbps SERDES, PCIe, XAUI / XGXS+ Native SERDES
- Hard 667 mbps DDR2/3 controllers with SECDED
SmartFusion System-on-Chip FPGA
- Industry's only FPGAs with hard 32-bit ARM Cortex-M3 microcontroller core
- Programmable analog with analog-to-digital converter (ADC), voltage/current/temperature monitors, digital-to-analog converter (DAC), comparators, and analog compute engine (ACE)
- Proven ProASIC3 FPGA fabric with up to 500K gates and 204 analog and digital I/Os
An antifuse is an electrical device that performs the opposite function to a fuse. Whereas a fuse starts with a low resistance and is designed to permanently break an electrically conductive path (typically when the current through the path exceeds a specified limit), an antifuse starts with a high resistance, and programming it converts it into a permanent electrically conductive path (typically when the voltage across the antifuse exceeds a certain level). This technology has many applications.
Christmas tree lights:
Antifuses are best known for their use in mini-light (or miniature) style low-voltage Christmas tree lights. Ordinarily (for operation from mains voltages), the lamps are wired in series. (The larger, traditional, C7 and C9 style lights are wired in parallel and are rated to operate directly at mains voltage.) Because the series string would be rendered inoperable by a single lamp failing, each bulb has an antifuse installed within it. When the bulb blows, the entire mains voltage is applied across the single blown lamp. This rapidly causes the antifuse to short out the blown bulb, allowing the series circuit to resume functioning, albeit with a larger proportion of the mains voltage now applied to each of the remaining lamps. The antifuse is made using wire with a high resistance coating and this wire is coiled over the two vertical filament support wires inside the bulb. The insulation of the antifuse wire withstands the ordinary low voltage imposed across a functioning lamp but rapidly breaks down under the full mains voltage, giving the antifuse action. Occasionally, the insulation fails to break down on its own, but tapping the blown lamp will usually cause it to make a connection. Often a special bulb with no antifuse and often a slightly different rating (so it blows first as the voltage gets too high) known as a "fuse bulb" is incorporated into the string of lights to protect against the possibility of severe overcurrent if too many bulbs fail.
Dielectric antifuses employ a very thin oxide barrier between a pair of conductors. Formation of the conductive channel is performed by a dielectric breakdown forced by a high voltage pulse. Dielectric antifuses are usually employed in CMOS and BiCMOS processes as the required oxide layer thickness is lower than those available in bipolar processes.
Zener diodes can be used as antifuses. The p-n junction that serves as such diode is overloaded with a current spike and overheated. At temperatures above 100 °C and current densities above 105 A/cm2 the metallization undergoes electromigration and forms spikes through the junction, shorting it out; this process is known as Zener zap in the industry. The spike is formed on and slightly below the silicon surface, just below the passivation layer without damaging it. The conductive shunt therefore does not compromise integrity and reliability of the semiconductor device. Typically a few-millisecond pulse at 100-200 mA is sufficient for common bipolar devices, for a non-optimized antifuse structure; specialized structures will have lower power demands. The resulting resistance of the junction is in the range of 10 ohms.
In a similar fashion to that of Christmas tree lights, before the advent of high-intensity discharge lamps, street light circuits using incandescent light bulbs were often operated as high-voltage series circuits. Each individual street-lamp was equipped with a film cutout; a small disk of insulating film that separated two contacts connected to the two wires leading to the lamp. In the same fashion as with the Christmas lights described above, if the lamp failed, the entire voltage of the street lighting circuit (thousands of volts) was imposed across the insulating film in the cutout, causing it to rupture. In this way, the failed lamp was bypassed and illumination restored to the rest of the street. Unlike Christmas lights, the circuit usually contained an automatic device to regulate the electric current flowing in the circuit, such as a constant-current transformer. As each series lamp burned out and was shorted out, the AC current regulator reduced the voltage, which kept each remaining bulb operating at its normal voltage, current, brightness, and life expectancy. When the failed lamp was finally replaced, a new piece of film was also installed, again separating the electrical contacts in the cutout. This style of street lighting was recognizable by the large porcelain insulator that separated the lamp and reflector from the light's mounting arm; the insulator was necessary because the two contacts in the lamp's base may have routinely operated at a potential of several thousands of volts above ground/earth.
Services by Actel:
Protocol Design Services
Actel Corporation's Protocol Design Services organization has a successful history providing hardware and software design services for companies throughout the world. We provide varying levels of design services to our customers, including:
- FPGA, ASIC and System Design
- Software development and implementation
- Development of prototypes, first articles and production units
Actel Design Services Team has participated in the development of Optical Networks, Routers, Cellular Phones, Digital Cameras, Embedded DSP Systems, Automotive Electronics, Navigation Systems, Compilers, Custom Processors and Avionics Systems.
Actel Online Prototyping Service
Actel Online Prototyping Service (OPS) is an online, FREE prototyping service for Actel antifuse FPGAs. This service provides customers with 24* hour turn around on custom programmed devices. This program supports SX-A and eX products.
Volume Programming Services
Actel offers high volume programming for all Actel device and package types in its state-of-the-art-programming center. The programming center is located at our factory in Mountain View, CA which allows for fast turn around time to meet Customer's JIT requirements.
Actel's facility is ISO-9002, PURE, QML and STACK certified, thus allowing Actel to provide high quality programmed devices to meet our Customers requirements. Complete documentation and traceability is provided throughout the programming process, including First Article approval for all customer-programming requirements.
As part of the programming process Actel provides ink marking for Customer specific marking needs as well as Tape and Reel.
Solution Partners Program
Actel's Solution Partner Program is a cooperative effort between Actel and independent providers of FPGA design services, and embedded software or hardware products that support Actel devices. The program's purpose is to provide engineers with access to additional design resources, expertise, and products from Actel's strategic partners worldwide. Solution Partner products and services are available from and supported directly by the partners. The value-added products and services provided by the Solution Partner Program enable designers to get their products to market faster by leveraging additional FPGA design expertise and products tailored specifically for Actel devices
Analog Devices is a company that designs, manufactures and markets a portfolio of solutions that leverage analog, mixed-signal, and digital signal processing technology, including integrated circuits (ICs), algorithms, software, and subsystems. It offers data converter products, which translate real-world analog signals into digital data, as well as translates digital data into analog signals, high-performance amplifiers to condition analog signals, and radio frequency ICs to support cellular infrastructure. The Company also provides MEMS technology solutions, including accelerometers used to sense acceleration, gyroscopes to sense rotation, and inertial measurement units to sense multiple degrees of freedom.
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Atmel Microcontroller Dumping:
We will transfer the coded program from the compiler (where compiler is a software where we can write, analyze, test and debug the coded program for an Atmel microcontroller.) to the microcontroller memory. The coding or program written for microcontroller is generally in assembly/C language and the compiler generates a hex file which is understandable by the microcontroller. The hex file contains special instructions which are to be transferred to the microcontroller memory and then it works according to the given instruction and program.
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